ワタナベ エリサ
  渡辺 絵梨沙
   所属   医学部 医学科(東京女子医科大学病院)
   職種   助教
言語種別 英語
発表タイトル Analysis of myocardial fibrosis using cardiac magnetic resonance T1 imaging and late gadolinium enhancement: Association with ventricular tachycardia in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy
会議名 ESC Congress 2018
主催者 European Society of Cardiology
学会区分 国際学会及び海外の学会
発表形式 ポスター掲示
講演区分 一般
発表者・共同発表者◎ABE Takuro, SAKAI Akiko, WATANABE Erisa, NAGAO Michinobu, SAKAI Shuji, HAGIWARA Nobuhisa
発表年月日 2018/08/27
開催地
(都市, 国名)
Munich, GERMANY
学会抄録 European Heart Journal 39(1),P3701 2018
概要 Introduction: Myocardial fibrosis is a risk factor for ventricular tachycardia (VT) and the worsening of heart failure in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). The present study investigates whether myocardial fibrosis using cardiac magnetic resonance T1 imaging and late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) could be a surrogate marker for VT in patients with HCM.

Methods: A total of 57 patients with HCM (mean age 58±15 years, 84% men)underwent LGE and saturation recovery T1 measurements with 3 Tesla scanner to quantify myocardial fibrosis. The extracellular volume (Septal-ECV, %) for mid-left ventricular septum was calculated by T1 values pre- and post-LGE. LGE volume (cm3) for the whole left ventricle was measured using the cutoff of more than 6 standard deviation of normal myocardial intensity. Comparison of septal-ECV and LGE volume between patients with and without VT was analyzed.

Results: VT was observed in 22 (38%) of 57 patients. Septal-ECV and LGE volume was significantly greater for patients with VT than those without (33±17% vs. 25±11%, 22±11cm3 vs. 14±9cm3, p<0.05). The optimal cutoffs of septal-ECV and LGE volume can predict patient with VT with an area under the curve of 0.63 and 0.7.

Conclusion: Septal-LGE and LGE volume can be used as a surrogate marker for VT in HCM. LGE volume is more precise in the prediction of VT than septal-ECV.