アキヤマ ヨシカツ   AKIYAMA Yoshikatsu
  秋山 義勝
   所属   研究施設 研究施設
   職種   講師
言語種別 英語
種別 部分執筆
表題 5.06 - Biomaterials: temperature-responsive polymer
書名 Comprehensive Biotechnology
ISBNコード 9780444533524
編者名 Moo-Young Murray, Butler Michael, Webb Colin, Moreira Antonio, Grodzinski Bernard, Cui Z F, Agathos Spiros
版・巻・頁 2nd,5,51-64頁
出版社 Pergamon
出版地
(都市, 国名)
Oxford, UK
著者・共著者 Kobayashi Jun, Akiyama Yoshikatsu, Yamato Masayuki, Okano Teruo
発行年月 2012/09
概要 Surface-modified temperature-responsive polymers are used as switching sequences to regulate interfacial phenomena and initiate unique biomedical and biotechnological applications. Special attention has been paid to poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) (PIPAAm), which exhibits a reversible temperature-dependent phase transition in aqueous solutions at the lower critical solution temperature (LCST) of 32 degree C. In this article, we focus on the properties and characterization of a PIPAAm-modified surface, which is a key technology for temperature-responsive chromatography and cell sheet-based tissue engineering. Temperature-responsive intelligent surfaces modified with PIPAAm exhibit hydrophilic/hydrophobic alteration in response to temperature change. Chromatographic separations are performed on several types of PIPAAm-modified surfaces in the aqueous mobile phase, and various effects related to the separation of bioactive compounds are discussed, including copolymer composition and graft polymer architecture. Additionally, cultured cells are harvested on temperature-responsive cell culture dishes by decreasing the temperature, without the use of digestive enzymes or chelating agents. Our group has developed cell sheet-based tissue engineering for therapeutic uses with single-layer or multilayered cell sheets recovered from temperature-responsive cell culture dishes. Using surface-derivation techniques, we developed a new generation of temperature-responsive cell culture dishes to accelerate the detachment of cell sheets and carriers to facilitate transferring and layering the cell sheets. We also developed a new methodology for constructing well-defined organs using microfabrication techniques.