ミタニ シヨウヘイ   MITANI Shohei
  三谷 昌平
   所属   医学部 医学科
   職種   教授・講座主任
論文種別 原著
言語種別 英語
査読の有無 査読あり
表題 UDP-N-acetylglucosamine-dolichyl-phosphate N-acetylglucosaminephosphotransferase is indispensable for oogenesis, oocyte-to-embryo transition, and larval development of the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans.
掲載誌名 正式名:Glycobiology
略  称:Glycobiology
ISSNコード:(1460-2423)0959-6658(Linking)
掲載区分国外
巻・号・頁 29(2),163-178頁
著者・共著者 Kanaki Nanako, Matsuda Ayako, Dejima Katsufumi, Murata Daisuke, Nomura Kazuko H, Ohkura Takashi, Gengyo-Ando Keiko, Yoshina Sawako, Mitani Shohei, Nomura Kazuya
発行年月 2019/02
概要 N-linked glycosylation of proteins is the most common post-translational modification of proteins. The enzyme UDP-N-acetylglucosamine-dolichyl-phosphate N-acetylglucosaminephosphotransferase (DPAGT1) catalyses the first step of N-glycosylation, and DPAGT1 knockout is embryonic lethal in mice. In this study, we identified the sole orthologue (algn-7) of the human DPAGT1 in the nematode C. elegans. The gene activity was disrupted by RNAi and deletion mutagenesis, which resulted in larval lethality, defects in oogenesis and oocyte-to-embryo transition. Endomitotic oocytes, abnormal fusion of pronuclei, abnormal AB cell rotation, disruption of permeation barriers of eggs, and abnormal expression of chitin and chitin synthase in oocytes and eggs were the typical phenotypes observed. The results indicate that N-glycosylation is indispensable for these processes. We further screened an N-glycosylated protein database of C. elegans, and identified 456 germline-expressed genes coding N-glycosylated proteins. By examining RNAi phenotypes, we identified five germline-expressed genes showing similar phenotypes to the algn-7 (RNAi) animals. They were ribo-1, stt-3, ptc-1, ptc-2, and vha-19. We identified known congenital disorders of glycosylation (CDG) genes (ribo-1 and stt-3) and a recently found CDG gene (vha-19). The results show that phenotype analyses using the nematode could be a powerful tool to detect new CDG candidate genes and their associated gene networks.
DOI 10.1093/glycob/cwy104
PMID 30445613