イワドウ カズヒロ   IWADOH Kazuhiro
  岩藤 和広
   所属   医学部 医学科(東京女子医科大学病院)
   職種   非常勤講師
論文種別 原著
言語種別 英語
査読の有無 査読あり
表題 How do living kidney donors develop end-stage renal disease?
掲載誌名 正式名:American Journal of Transplantation
略  称:Am J Transplant
巻・号・頁 9(11),pp.2514-9
著者・共著者 Kido R. Shibagaki Y. Iwadoh K. Nakajima I. Fuchinoue S. Fujita T. Teraoka S.
発行年月 2009/08
概要 The clinical course and risk factors for developing end-stage renal disease (ESRD) after heminephrectomy in living kidney donors have scarcely been investigated. We reviewed medical records and identified eight case donors who developed chronic kidney disease (CKD) stage 5 or ESRD, and subsequently investigated the association between postoperative clinical courses and changes in renal function. To conduct a case-control study, we also selected a control group comprising 24 donors who had maintained stable renal function and were matched for age, sex and follow-up time since donation. Except for one donor who developed ESRD caused by a traffic accident, none of the donors developed progressive renal dysfunction immediately after donation. Their renal functions remained stable for a long period of time, but started to decline after developing new comorbidities, especially risk factors known as progression factors (proteinuria or hypertension) or accelerating factors (cardiovascular [CV] event or infection) of CKD. As compared with the control donors, incidence of postoperative persistent proteinuria, acute CV event, severe infection and hospitalization due to accelerating factors of CKD were significantly higher in the case donors. These results suggest the importance of long-term (more than 10 years) follow-up of donors with special attention on the risk factors of CKD.