キクチ ケン   Kikuchi Ken
  菊池 賢
   所属   医学部 医学科(東京女子医科大学病院)
   職種   教授
論文種別 原著
言語種別 英語
査読の有無 査読有り
表題 Diversity and microevolution of CRISPR loci in Helicobacter cinaedi.
掲載誌名 正式名:PLoS ONE
ISSNコード:19326203
掲載区分国外
巻・号・頁 12(10),e0186241頁
著者・共著者 Junko Tomida, Yuji Morita, Keigo Shibayama, Ken Kikuchi, Tomohiro Sawa, Takaaki Akaike, Yoshiaki Kawamura
発行年月 2017/10
概要 Helicobacter cinaedi is associated with nosocomial infections. The CRISPR-Cas system provides adaptive immunity against foreign genetic elements. We investigated the CRISPR-Cas system in H. cinaedi to assess the potential of the CRISPR-based microevolution of H. cinaedi strains. A genotyping method based on CRISPR spacer organization was carried out using 42 H. cinaedi strains. The results of sequence analysis showed that the H. cinaedi strains used in this study had two CRISPR loci (CRISPR1 and CRISPR2). The lengths of the consensus direct repeat sequences in CRISPR1 and CRISPR2 were both 36 bp-long, and 224 spacers were found in the 42 H. cinaedi strains. Analysis of the organization and sequence similarity of the spacers of the H. cinaedi strains showed that CRISPR arrays could be divided into 7 different genotypes. Each genotype had a different ancestral spacer, and spacer acquisition/deletion events occurred while isolates were spreading. Spacer polymorphisms of conserved arrays across the strains were instrumental for differentiating closely-related strains collected from the same hospital. MLST had little variability, while the CRISPR sequences showed remarkable diversity. Our data revealed the structural features of H. cinaedi CRISPR loci for the first time. CRISPR sequences constitute a valuable basis for genotyping, provide insights into the divergence and relatedness between closely-related strains, and reflect the microevolutionary process of H. cinaedi.
DOI https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0186241