ムラガキ ヨシヒロ   MURAGAKI Yoshihiro
  村垣 善浩
   所属   研究施設 研究施設
   職種   教授
論文種別 原著
言語種別 英語
査読の有無 査読あり
表題 Why intra-epidermal electrical stimulation achieves stimulation of small fibres selectively: a simulation study
掲載誌名 正式名:Physics in Medicine & Biology
略  称:Phys Med Biol
ISSNコード:1361-6560 (Electronic)0031-9155 (Linking)
巻・号・頁 61(12),4479-4490頁
著者・共著者 MOTOGI Jun†, SUGIYAMA Yukiya , Ilkka Laakso, HIRATA Akimasa , INUI Koji, TAMURA Manabu, MURAGAKI Yoshihiro
発行年月 2016/05
概要 The in situ electric field in the peripheral nerve of the skin is investigated to discuss the selective stimulation of nerve fibres. Coaxial planar electrodes with and without intra-epidermal needle tip were considered as electrodes of a stimulator. From electromagnetic analysis, the tip depth of the intra-epidermal electrode should be larger than the thickness of the stratum corneum, the electrical conductivity of which is much lower than the remaining tissue. The effect of different radii of the outer ring electrode on the in situ electric field is marginal. The minimum threshold in situ electric field (rheobase) for free nerve endings is estimated to be 6.3 kV m(-1). The possible volume for electrostimulation, which can be obtained from the in situ electric field distribution, becomes deeper and narrower with increasing needle depth, suggesting that possible stimulation sites may be controlled by changing the needle depth. The injection current amplitude should be adjusted when changing the needle depth because the peak field strength also changes. This study shows that intra-epidermal electrical stimulation can achieve stimulation of small fibres selectively, because Abeta-, Adelta-, and C-fibre terminals are located at different depths in the skin.
DOI 10.1088/0031-9155/61/12/4479
文献番号 27223492