ムラガキ ヨシヒロ   MURAGAKI Yoshihiro
  村垣 善浩
   所属   研究施設 研究施設
   職種   教授
論文種別 原著
言語種別 英語
査読の有無 査読あり
表題 Nerve growth factor induces apoptosis in human medulloblastoma cell lines that express TrkA receptors
掲載誌名 正式名:Journal of Neuroscience
略  称:J Neurosci
ISSNコード:02706474
巻・号・頁 17(2),530-542頁
著者・共著者 MURAGAKI Yoshihiro†, CHOU Thomas T. , KAPLAN David R. , TROJANOWSKI John Q. , LEE Virginia M.-Y
発行年月 1997/01
概要 Neurotrophins act through their cognate receptors to promote the differentiation and/or survival of neuronal progenitor cells, immature neurons, and other cells. Here, we examined the effects of nerve growth factor (NGF) and its cognate receptor (Trk or TrkA) on the survival of a common childhood brain tumor, i.e., medulloblastoma, a tumor that resembles CNS neuroepithelial progenitor cells. To do this, we engineered two human medulloblastoma cell lines (i.e., D283MED and DAOY cells) to express human TrkA using a retroviral expression vector. Surprisingly, NGF-treated medulloblastoma cells expressing the TrkA receptor (D283trk and DAOYtrk cells) grown in the presence or absence of serum underwent massive apoptosis, but similar treatment did not induce apoptosis in wild-type uninfected cells, cells expressing an empty vector, or cells expressing the TrkC receptor. Furthermore, D283MED cells engineered to express the human p75 NGF receptor (D283p75) also did not undergo apoptosis. Significantly, NGF-induced apoptosis in D283trk and DAOYtrk cells can be inhibited by anti-NGF antibodies and by K-252a, an inhibitor of TrkA tyrosine phosphorylation and mimicked by high concentrations of NT3. Because NGF treatment primarily eliminated D283trk cells from the S phase of the cell cycle, this form of NGF-mediated apoptosis is cell cycle-dependent. These findings suggest that a NGF/TrkA signal transduction pathway could activate apoptotic cell death programs in CNS neuroepithelial progenitor cells and in childhood brain tumors.
DOI 0.1523/JNEUROSCI.17-02-00530.1997
文献番号 8987776