ムラガキ ヨシヒロ   MURAGAKI Yoshihiro
  村垣 善浩
   所属   研究施設 研究施設
   職種   教授
論文種別 原著
言語種別 英語
査読の有無 査読あり
表題 Differential reorganization of three syntax-related networks induced by a left frontal glioma.
掲載誌名 正式名:Brain : a journal of neurology
略  称:Brain
ISSNコード:14602156 (Electronic)/00068950 (Linking)
巻・号・頁 137(4),1193-1212頁
著者・共著者 KINNO Ryuta†, OHTA Shinri, MURAGAKI Yoshihiro, MARUYAMA Takashi, SAKAI Kuniyoshi L.
発行年月 2014/04
概要 The opercular/triangular parts of the left inferior frontal gyrus and the left lateral premotor cortex are critical in syntactic processing. We have recently indicated that a glioma in one of these regions is sufficient to cause agrammatic comprehension. In the present study, we aimed to show how normally existing syntax-related networks are functionally reorganized by a lesion. Twenty-one patients with a left frontal glioma preoperatively performed a picture-sentence matching task, and underwent functional magnetic resonance imaging scans in an event-related design. We established two qualitatively different types of agrammatic comprehension, depending on glioma location. Patients with a glioma in the left lateral premotor cortex had a more profound deficit in the comprehension of scrambled sentences than that of activeand passive sentences. In contrast, patients with a glioma in the opercular/triangular parts of the left inferior frontal gyrus had a more profound deficit in the comprehension of passive and scrambled sentences than that of active sentences. Moreover, we found dramatic changes in the activation patterns in these two patient groups, which accompanied abnormal overactivity and/or underactivity in the syntax-related regions. Furthermore, by examining functional connectivity in the normal brain, we identified three syntax-related networks among those regions, and anatomically visualized connections within individual networks by using diffusion tensor imaging. The first network consists of the opercular/triangular parts of the left inferior frontal gyrus, left intraparietal sulcus, right frontal regions, presupplementary motor area, and right temporal regions. These regions were overactivated in the patients with a glioma in the left lateral premotor cortex only for correct responses, indicating a cognitive change. The second network consists of the left lateral premotor cortex, left angular gyrus, lingual gyrus, and cerebellar nuclei.
DOI 10.1093/brain/awu013
文献番号 24519977
PMID 24519977