ムラガキ ヨシヒロ   MURAGAKI Yoshihiro
  村垣 善浩
   所属   研究施設 研究施設
   職種   教授
論文種別 原著
言語種別 英語
査読の有無 査読あり
表題 Role of proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy in preoperative evaluation of patients with mesial temporal lobe epilepsy
掲載誌名 正式名:Journal of the neurological sciences
略  称:J Neurol Sci
ISSNコード:0022510X
巻・号・頁 285(1-2),212-219頁
著者・共著者 CHERNOV Mikhail F†, OCHIAI Taku, ONO Yuko, MURAGAKI Yoshihiro, YAMANE Fumitaka, TAIRAa Takaomi, MARUYAMA Takashi, TANAKA Masahiko, ISEKI Hiroshi, KUBO Osami, OKADA Yoshikazu, HORI Tomokatsu, TAKAKURA Kintomo
発行年月 2009/10
概要 A retrospective study was conducted for evaluation of the role of single-voxel proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1H-MRS) in preoperative investigation of patients with mesial temporal lobe epilepsy (MTLE). Eighteen cases, including both non-lesional and lesional MTLE, were analyzed. Selective amygdalohippocampectomy was performed in 8 cases, selective amygdalohippocampectomy combined with lesionectomy in 6 cases, lesionectomy in 3 cases, and anterior temporal lobe resection in one case. The length of follow-up varied from 24 to 71 months (median, 35 months). Before surgery, (1)H-MRS disclosed decrease of N-acetylaspartate (NAA) content (P=0.01) and more frequent (P=0.07) presence of lactate (Lac) on the side of the epileptogenic zone. Decrease of NAA content below 0.75 and/or unilateral presence of Lac provided 86% (95% CI: 68%-100%) lateralization accuracy. Metabolic parameters did not differ in subgroups with hippocampal sclerosis and brain tumors. On the long-term follow-up 12 patients (67%) were free of disabling seizures. There was a trend (P=0.05) for worse seizure outcome in cases with significant bilateral metabolic alterations characterized by predominance of choline-containing compounds' peak on 1H-MR spectra on both sides. In conclusion, 1H-MRS-detected reduction of NAA content and unilateral presence of Lac in the mesial temporal lobe structures may serve as additional diagnostic clues for lateralization of the epileptogenic zone in MTLE. Metabolic imaging has limited usefulness for differentiation of the hippocampal sclerosis and low-grade intraaxial brain tumor. Presence of significant bilateral metabolic alterations in the mesial temporal lobe structures is associated with worse postoperative seizure control.
DOI 10.1016/j.jns.2009.07.004.
PMID 19647269
PermalinkURL http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0022510X09007035?via%3Dihub