IWASAKI Masayuki
   Department   Research Institutes and Facilities, Research Institutes and Facilities
   Position   Assistant Professor
Article types Original article
Language English
Peer review Peer reviewed
Title IL-12 plays a pivotal role in LFA-1-mediated T cell adhesiveness by up-regulation of CCR5 expression.
Journal Formal name:Journal of leukocyte biology
Abbreviation:J Leukoc Biol
ISSN code:07415400/07415400
Domestic / ForeginForegin
Volume, Issue, Page 70(3),pp.422-30
Author and coauthor Mukai T, Iwasaki M, Gao P, Tomura M, Yashiro-Ohtani Y, Ono S, Murai M, Matsushima K, Kurimoto M, Kogo M, Matsuya T, Fujiwara H, Hamaoka T
Authorship 2nd author
Publication date 2001/09
Summary The chemokine receptor CCR5 has been implicated in the recruitment of T cells to inflammatory sites. However, the regulation of CCR5 induction on T cells and its contribution to T cell adhesiveness are poorly understood. Using a Th1 clone, 2D6, that can be maintained with interleukin (IL)-12 or IL-2 alone (designated 2D6(IL-12) or 2D6(IL-2), respectively), we investigated how CCR5 is induced on T cells and whether CCR5 is responsible for up-regulating the function of adhesion molecules. 2D6(IL-12) grew, forming cell aggregates, in culture containing IL-12. This was due to lymphocyte function-associated antigen (LFA)-1-intercellular adhesion molecule (ICAM)-1 interaction, because 2D6(IL-12) expressed both LFA-1 and ICAM-1 and cell aggregation was inhibited by anti-ICAM-1 monoclonal antibody. Despite comparable levels of LFA-1 and ICAM-1 expression, 2D6(IL-2) cells did not aggregate in culture with IL-2. It is important that there was a critical difference in CCR5 expression between 2D6(IL-12) and 2D6(IL-2); the former expressed high levels of CCR5, and the latter expressed only marginal levels. Both types of cells expressed detectable albeit low levels of RANTES (regulated on activation, normal T expressed and secreted) mRNA. Unlike IL-12 or IL-2, IL-18 induced high levels of RANTES mRNA expression without modulating CCR5 expression. Therefore, combined stimulation with IL-12 and IL-18 strikingly up-regulated 2D6 cell aggregation. Notably, LFA-1-mediated aggregation of 2D6(IL-12) cells was suppressed by anti-CCR5 antibody. These results indicate that IL-12 plays a critical role in CCR5 expression on Th1 cells and consequently contributes to CCR5-mediated activation of LFA-1 molecules.
PMID 11527992