IWASAKI Masayuki
   Department   Research Institutes and Facilities, Research Institutes and Facilities
   Position   Assistant Professor
Article types Original article
Language English
Peer review Peer reviewed
Title A role of interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) in tumor immunity: T cells with the capacity to reject tumor cells are generated but fail to migrate to tumor sites in IFN-gamma-deficient mice.
Journal Formal name:Cancer research
Abbreviation:Cancer Res
ISSN code:00085472/00085472
Domestic / ForeginForegin
Volume, Issue, Page 61(8),pp.3399-405
Author and coauthor Nakajima C, Uekusa Y, Iwasaki M, Yamaguchi N, Mukai T, Gao P, Tomura M, Ono S, Tsujimura T, Fujiwara H, Hamaoka T
Publication date 2001/04
Summary IFN-gamma-deficient (IFN-gamma-/-) mice induce potent in vitro immune responses such as anti-allo mixed lymphocyte reaction and CTL responses, whereas they often fail to exhibit in vivo immunity. Here, we investigated whether there exists a defect in tumor rejection responses and if so, which process of responses is impaired. IFN-gamma-/- and wild-type (WT) BALB/c mice were immunized with attenuated syngeneic CSA1M tumor cells. The capacity of T cells to mediate tumor protection was examined in Winn assays to assess the growth of tumor cells admixed with tumor-sensitized T cells. Splenic T cells from both groups of mice exhibited comparable levels of tumor-neutralizing activity. When portions of immunized mice were directly challenged with viable tumor cells, tumor rejection was induced only in WT mice. CD4(+) and CD8(+) T-cell infiltration were observed at the site of tumor challenge in WT mice, whereas such a T-cell infiltration did not occur in IFN-gamma-/- mice. Similarly, splenic T cells from interleukin 12-treated CSA1M-bearing IFN-gamma-/- and WT mice neutralized tumor cells at comparable efficacies in Winn assays. However, the migration of these T cells to tumor masses and the resultant interleukin 12-induced tumor regression took place in WT mice, but neither intratumoral T-cell infiltration nor tumor regression occurred in IFN-gamma-/- mice. These results indicate a critical requirement for IFN-gamma in the process of inducing T-cell migration to tumor sites rather than of generating antitumor protective T cells.
PMID 11309299