タケハラ サチコ
  竹原 祥子
   所属   医学部 医学科
   職種   助教
論文種別 原著
言語種別 英語
査読の有無 査読あり
表題 Prevalence and risk factors of halitosis in Japanese school children.
掲載誌名 正式名:Pediatrics international : official journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
略  称:Pediatr Int
ISSNコード:1442200X13288067
掲載区分国外
巻・号・頁 60(6),588-592頁
著者・共著者 UENO Masayuki†, OHNUKI Mari, ZAITSU Takashi, TAKEHARA Sachiko, FURUKAWA Sayaka, KAWAGUCHI Yoko
発行年月 2018/06
概要 BACKGROUND:Little data are available regarding halitosis in Japanese children. The aim of the current study was to investigate the prevalence and risk factors associated with halitosis in Japanese elementary and junior high school children.METHODS:The subjects consisted of 520 elementary (1st-6th grade: boys, n = 284; girls, n = 236) and 248 junior high (7th-9th grade: boys, n = 136; girls, n = 112) school children aged 6-15years in Saitama Prefecture, Japan. A self-administered questionnaire survey; halitosis measurement using an organoleptic assessment method; and clinical oral examination were conducted.RESULTS:Overall, 44.9% of subjects had halitosis. The proportion of boys with halitosis was 43.6% and that of girls was 46.6%. On logistic regression analysis, grade and tongue coating were significant predictors of halitosis. The 7th-9th graders were significantly more likely to have halitosis than 1st-3rd graders (OR, 1.83; P = 0.007). Subjects with area of tongue coating score 2 or 3 were 5.51-fold more likely to present with halitosis (P<0.001) than those with area of tongue coating score 0 or 1. Similarly, subjects with thickness of tongue coating score 2 or 3 were 3.28-fold more likely to have halitosis than those with thickness of tongue coating score 0 or 1 (P<0.001).CONCLUSIONS:Halitosis in the school children is not a rare condition; instead, its occurrence is relatively high. Therefore, inclusion of a halitosis prevention and management component in school oral health programs would lead to the promotion of overall oral health.
DOI 10.1111/ped.13561
PMID 29573072