ノムラ タケシ
  野村 岳志
   所属   医学部 医学科(東京女子医科大学病院)
   職種   教授
論文種別 原著
言語種別 英語
査読の有無 査読あり
表題 Effect of posterior quadratus lumborum blockade on the quality of recovery after major gynaecological laparoscopic surgery: A randomized controlled trial.
掲載誌名 正式名:Anaesthesia and intensive care
略  称:Anaesth Intensive Care
ISSNコード:0310057X/0310057X
掲載区分国外
巻・号・頁 47(2),pp.146-151
著者・共著者 Fujimoto Hiroko, Irie Tomoya, Mihara Takahiro, Mizuno Yusuke, Nomura Takeshi, Goto Takahisa
発行年月 2019/03
概要 Bilateral quadratus lumborum blockade (QLB) using ultrasound guidance has been introduced as an abdominal truncal block to improve postoperative analgesia and quality of recovery (QoR) after abdominal surgery, but efficacy remains controversial. The primary aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of posterior QLB on the postoperative QoR, and secondarily to evaluate postoperative pain after gynaecological laparoscopic surgery (LS). This study was a single-centre randomized controlled trial. QLB group patients underwent bilateral posterior quadratus lumborum injections with 25-30 mL of 0.25% levobupivacaine after induction of general anaesthesia; the control group underwent no block. Both groups were administered fentanyl-based intravenous patient-controlled analgesia postoperatively. The postoperative QoR was measured using the Quality of Recovery 40 (QoR-40) questionnaire score; postoperative pain was evaluated using the visual analogue scale (VAS) and the cumulative postoperative fentanyl dose. Thirty-one and 29 patients were randomised to the QLB and control groups, respectively. The intraoperative remifentanil dosage was significantly less in the QLB group. The median (interquartile range) for the QoR-40 score was not different between the groups: 154 (133-168) in the QLB group and 158 (144-172) in the control group. There were no statistically significant differences in secondary outcome variables. Single-shot QLB did not improve the QoR or postoperative pain in patients managed by multimodal analgesia after gynaecological LS.
DOI 10.1177/0310057X19838765
PMID 31090440