Department   School of Medicine(Tokyo Women's Medical University Hospital), School of Medicine
   Position   Associate Professor
Article types Original article
Language English
Peer review Peer reviewed
Title Characteristics of non-alcoholic steatohepatitis among lean patients in Japan: Not uncommon and not always benign.
Journal Formal name:Journal of gastroenterology and hepatology
Abbreviation:J Gastroenterol Hepatol
ISSN code:14401746/08159319
Volume, Issue, Page 34(8),pp.1404-1410
Author and coauthor Tobari Maki, Hashimoto Etsuko, Taniai Makiko, Ikarashi Yuuichi, Kodama Kazuhisa, Kogiso Tomomi, Tokushige Katsutoshi, Takayoshi Nishino, Hashimoto Naotake
Publication date 2019/08
Summary BACKGROUND AND AIM:To elucidate features of nonobese non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), we assessed Japanese patients with NAFLD stratified by body mass index (BMI) and by sex.METHODS:Biopsy-proven 762 NAFLD patients (404 men) were classified into three groups by the Japanese criteria: nonobese group (BMI < 25 kg/m2 ), obese group (25 to 30), and severely obese group (≥ 30). Clinicopathological features and single nucleotide polymorphism of patatin-like phospholipase 3 (PNPLA3) rs738409 were investigated, and body composition analysis was performed by bioelectrical impedance analysis and computed tomography.RESULTS:Over 25% of men and almost 40% of women were nonobese, but most of them had visceral fat obesity and/or insulin resistance. The median age (years) of the nonobese, obese, and severely obese men was 49.9, 46.8, and 40.5 (P < 0.01), respectively, while those of women was 60.2, 59.6, and 48.5 (P < 0.01), respectively. The prevalence of metabolic comorbidities and PNPLA3 risk alleles did not differ among these groups in both sexes. Also, the prevalence of non-alcoholic steatohepatitis was not significantly different in both sexes, although nonobese patients had a higher prevalence of mild steatosis. Advanced fibrosis showed a marked difference between men and women. Advanced fibrosis was significantly more frequent among severely obese men (nonobese: 31.0%, obese: 41.6%, severely obese: 60.9%; P < 0.01), but it was lower among severely obese women (51.4%, 62.9%, 33.7%; P < 0.01). Skeletal muscle mass was significantly lower in nonobese patients.CONCLUSIONS:Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease was not milder in nonobese patients. Histological steatosis was associated with BMI, but advanced fibrosis was not and showed a significant sex difference.
DOI 10.1111/jgh.14585
PMID 30590868