タニアイ マキコ
  谷合 麻紀子
   所属   医学部 医学科(東京女子医科大学病院)
   職種   准教授
論文種別 症例報告
言語種別 英語
査読の有無 査読なし
表題 Spontaneous clearance of HCV accompanying hepatitis after liver transplantation.
掲載誌名 正式名:Clinical journal of gastroenterology
略  称:Clin J Gastroenterol
ISSNコード:(1865-7265)1865-7265(Linking)
掲載区分国外
巻・号・頁 8(5),323-329頁
著者・共著者 KOGISO Tomomi, HASHIMOTO Etsuko, IKARASHI Yuichi, KODAMA Kazuhisa, TANIAI Makiko, TORII Nobuyuki, EGAWA Hiroto, YAMAMOTO Masakazu, TOKUSHIGE Katsutoshi
発行年月 2015/10
概要 Re-infection by the hepatitis C virus (HCV) occurs rapidly after liver transplantation (LT), and spontaneous clearance of HCV is rare under immunosuppressive conditions. Here, we report on two patients who underwent LT to treat liver cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma. The immunosuppressants prescribed were short-term corticosteroids, tacrolimus, and mycophenolate mofetil. A 50-year-old woman underwent LT, with her brother as the donor. She acquired HCV of serological type 1 after LT; the HCV RNA level was 6.0 logIU/mL. Corticosteroids were discontinued within 24 days, with a total dose of 669 mg (adjusted) prednisolone (PSL). The serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT) level increased to 700 U/L by day 55 post-LT. Surprisingly, HCV RNA was not detected on day 87. A 52-year-old man underwent LT, with his sister as the donor. He became rapidly re-infected with HCV of serological type 2; the HCV RNA level was 6.9 logIU/mL. Corticosteroids were given for 24 days, with a total dose of 827 mg (adjusted) PSL. The serum ALT level increased continuously and his HCV cleared 115 days after LT. Both donor and recipient had the major IL28B genotype. HCV was eliminated spontaneously, even under immunosuppressive conditions, after PSL discontinuation without interferon treatment. Minimal use of immunosuppressants and the presence of hepatitis may have contributed to HCV clearance. However, it is important to evaluate additional relevant cases.
DOI 10.1007/s12328-015-0602-y
PMID 26342292