ヤマト マサユキ   YAMATO Masayuki
  大和 雅之
   所属   研究施設 研究施設
   職種   教授
論文種別 原著
言語種別 英語
査読の有無 査読あり
表題 Transplantation of autologous oral mucosal epithelial cell sheets inhibits the development of acquired external auditory canal atresia in a rabbit model.
掲載誌名 正式名:Acta biomaterialia
略  称:Acta Biomater
ISSNコード:18787568/17427061
掲載区分国外
出版社 Elsevier
巻・号・頁 110,141-152頁
著者・共著者 INAGAKI Taro†, MORINO Tsunetaro, TAKAGI Ryo, YAMATO Masayuki, KOIZUKA Izumi, YAGUCHI Yuichiro*
発行年月 2020/05
概要 Acquired external auditory canal atresia is characterized by fibrous tissue formation in the ear canal, hearing loss and chronic otorrhea. Although the disease can be treated surgically, the recurrence rate is high. This study explored whether autologous oral mucosal epithelial cell sheets could be used as a novel therapy for ear canal atresia. We succeeded in generating a rabbit model of acquired external auditory canal atresia by dissecting the skin of the ear canal. Endoscopic and histological findings in this model indicated that atresia developed over a 4-week period and was not inhibited by the placement of polyglycolic acid sheets immediately after skin dissection. By contrast, transplantation of autologous oral mucosal epithelial cell sheets, which had been fabricated by culture on temperature-responsive inserts without a feeder layer, prevented the development of atresia during the 4-week period after skin dissection. Transplantation of autologous epithelial cell sheets after surgical treatment of acquired external auditory canal atresia could be a promising new method to reduce the risk of disease recurrence. STATEMENT OF SIGNIFICANCE: Acquired external auditory canal atresia is characterized by fibrous tissue formation in the ear canal, which leads to hearing loss and chronic otorrhea. Although surgical treatments are available, the recurrence rate is high. In this study, we successfully generated a rabbit model of acquired external auditory canal atresia by dissecting the skin of the ear canal. Furthermore, we utilized this new animal model to investigate whether the transplantation of autologous oral mucosal epithelial cell sheets could be used as a novel therapy for ear canal atresia. Our results raise the possibility that the transplantation of autologous epithelial cell sheets after surgical treatment of ear canal atresia could be a promising new method to reduce the risk of disease recurrence.
DOI 10.1016/j.actbio.2020.04.031
PMID 32438108