ヤマト マサユキ   YAMATO Masayuki
  大和 雅之
   所属   研究施設 研究施設
   職種   教授
論文種別 原著
言語種別 英語
査読の有無 査読あり
表題 Combined surgery and chondrocyte cell-sheet transplantation improves clinical and structural outcomes in knee osteoarthritis.
掲載誌名 正式名:NPJ Regenerative medicine
略  称:NPJ Regen Med
ISSNコード:(2057-3995)2057-3995(Linking)
掲載区分国外
巻・号・頁 4,4頁
著者・共著者 SATO Masato†*, YAMATO Masayuki, MITANI Genya, TAKAGAKI Tomonori, HAMAHASHI Kosuke, NAKAMURA Yoshihiko, ISHIHARA Miya, MATOBA Ryo, KOBAYASHI Hiroyuki, OKANO Teruo, MOCHIDA Joji, WATANABE Masahiko
発行年月 2019/02
概要 Current cartilage regenerative therapies are not fully effective in treating osteoarthritis of the knee (OAK). We have developed chondrocyte sheets for autologous transplantation and tested these in in vitro and in vivo preclinical studies, and have reported that the transplantation of chondrocyte sheets promoted hyaline cartilage repair in rat, rabbit, and minipig models. However, autologous transplantation of chondrocyte sheets has yet to be reported in humans. Here, we report our combination therapy in which conventional surgical treatment for OAK, is followed by autologous chondrocyte sheet transplantation for cartilage repair. Eight patients with OAK and cartilage defects categorized arthroscopically as Outerbridge grade III or IV receive the therapy. Patients are thoroughly assessed by preoperative and postoperative X-rays, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), arthroscopy, Knee injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (KOOS), Lysholm Knee Score (LKS), and a laser-induced photoacoustic method to assess cartilage viscoelasticity. Arthroscopic biopsies of all patients are performed 12 months after transplantation for histological evaluation. The properties of the chondrocyte sheets are evaluated using gene expression analysis to investigate the ability to predict the clinical and structural outcomes of the therapy. For this small initial longitudinal series, combination therapy is effective, as assessed by MRI, arthroscopy, viscoelasticity, histology, and the clinical outcomes of KOOS and LKS. Gene marker sets identified in autologous chondrocyte sheets may be predictive of the overall KOOS, LKS, and histological scores after therapy. These predictive gene sets may be potential alternative markers for evaluating OAK treatment.
DOI 10.1038/s41536-019-0069-4
PMID 30820353