ヤマト マサユキ   YAMATO Masayuki
  大和 雅之
   所属   研究施設 研究施設
   職種   教授
論文種別 原著
言語種別 英語
査読の有無 査読あり
表題 Irreversible optical clearing of sclera by dehydration and cross-linking.
掲載誌名 正式名:Biomaterials
略  称:Biomaterials
ISSNコード:(1878-5905)0142-9612(Linking)
掲載区分国外
出版社 Elsevier
巻・号・頁 32(4),1080-1090頁
著者・共著者 Tanaka Yuji, Kubota Akira, Yamato Masayuki, Okano Teruo, Nishida Kohji
発行年月 2011/02
概要 This study manipulates both clear cornea and opaque sclera by two dehydration processes for revealing the relationship between altered tissue structures and change in optical functions. In contrast to the high levels of light scattering in dehydrated tissues by critical point dry, a simple dehydration at 4-8 °C effectively and significantly improved their visible-light transmission, even in the sclera, with accompanying dense fiber packing. Further improvement in visible-light transmission, from 40-50% to 80-90%, has been achieved by flatting tissue surface with cover glasses during dehydration at low temperature. Such optical clearing of sclera by dehydration is reversible. However, chemical cross-linking effectively stabilizes their densely packed microscopic structures and visible-light transmission at over 50% irreversibly, even at wet conditions. Interestingly, the repetition of both low temperature dehydration/cross-linking treatments effectively reduced the required amounts of cross-linking reagents to keep a high transparency. Wet transparent cross-linked sclera can also show a characteristic strong tensile strength. Furthermore, rabbit corneal epithelium has regenerated on the transparent sclera with cross-linking in vitro.
DOI 10.1016/j.biomaterials.2010.10.002
PMID 21055804