Department   School of Medicine(Tokyo Women's Medical University Hospital), School of Medicine
   Position   Associate Professor
Article types Original article
Language English
Peer review Non peer reviewed
Title Improved Mortality, Morbidity, and Long-Term Outcome After Anatomical Hepatectomy With the Glissonean Pedicle Approach in Patients With Hepatocellular Carcinoma: 30 Years' Experience at a Single Institute.
Journal Formal name:Annals of surgery
Abbreviation:Ann Surg
ISSN code:15281140/00034932
Domestic / ForeginForegin
Volume, Issue, Page 275(5),pp.947-954
Author and coauthor ARIIZUMI Shunichi†, KATAGIRI SATOSHI, KOTERA Yoshihito, YAMASHITA Shingo, OMORI Akiko, KATO Takaaki, SHIBUYA Go, EGAWA Hiroto, TAKASAKI Ken, YAMAMOTO Masakazu
Authorship Lead author
Publication date 2022/05
Summary OBJECTIVE:We evaluated the morbidity and mortality after anatomical hepatectomy with the Glissonean pedicle approach, and long-term outcomes in relation to the morbidity in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC).SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA:The mortality, morbidity, and long-term outcomes were evaluated retrospectively.METHODS:A total of 1953 patients with HCC underwent various anatomical hepatectomies with the Glissonean pedicle approach between 1985 and 2014. The mortality (30-day and 90-day) and morbidity (Clavien-Dindo class Ilia or higher) were evaluated among six 5-year eras (1985-1989, 1990-1994, 1995-1999, 2000-2004, 2005-2009, 2010-2014).RESULTS:A total of 460 patients (24%) showed morbidity, and the overall 30-day and 90-day mortality rates were 1.8% and 3.3%, respectively. The 30-day (3.9%, 3.0%, 1.8%, 1.3%, 0.3%, 0.5%: P = 0.0074) and 90-day mortality (6.0%, 4.3%, 3.8%, 2.8%, 2.2%, 1.4%: P = 0.0445) significantly improved over the eras. Blood loss >2 L (odds ratio: 11.808, P = 0.0244) was an independent risk factor for 30-day mortality, and blood loss >2 L (odds ratio: 4.046, P = 0.0271) and bile leakage (odds ratio: 2.122, P = 0.0078) were independent risk factors for 90-day mortality on multivariate analysis. Morbidity was significant independent prognostic factors for overall survival (relative risk: 2.129, P < 0.0001) and recurrence-free survival (relative risk: 1.299, P < 0.0001) in patients with HCC.CONCLUSIONS:Anatomical hepatectomy with the Glissonean pedicle approach was achieved safely in patients with HCC. For more safety and longer survival, blood loss, bile leakage, and morbidity should be reduced. Longterm outcomes after anatomical hepatectomy with the Glissonean pedicle approach in patients with HCC have been improved over 30 years with gradually less mortality and morbidity due to decreases in blood loss >2 L and bile leakage.
DOI 10.1097/SLA.0000000000004311
PMID 33273356