Department   School of Medicine(Tokyo Women's Medical University Hospital), School of Medicine
   Position   Associate Professor
Article types Case report
Language English
Peer review Peer reviewed
Title Urinary Levels of Titin-N Fragment, a Skeletal Muscle Damage Marker, are Increased in Subjects with Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease.
Journal Formal name:Scientific reports
Abbreviation:Sci Rep
ISSN code:20452322/20452322
Domestic / ForeginForegin
Volume, Issue, Page 9(1),pp.19498
Author and coauthor Oshida Natsumi, Shida Takashi, Oh Sechang, Kim Taeho, Isobe Tomonori, Okamoto Yoshikazu, Kamimaki Takashi, Okada Kosuke, Suzuki Hideo, Ariizumi Shun-Ichi, Yamamoto Masakazu, Shoda Junichi
Publication date 2019/12
Summary Sarcopenia is a pathological condition affecting the development and progression of NAFLD. Urinary levels of titin-N fragment, a biomarker reflecting muscle damage, were measured in NAFLD subjects, and analyzed in a retrospective manner for possible correlations with NAFLD pathophysiology to assess their clinical relevance. This study enrolled 153 NAFLD subjects and 100 subjects without NAFLD, obesity or diabetes mellitus (non-NAFLD). NAFLD subjects had more decreased knee extension strength. NAFLD subjects had greater subcutaneous fat thickness and echo intensity (brightness) of the rectus femoris muscle on ultrasound images; higher levels of the intra- and extra-myocellular lipids (IMCL, EMCL) using 1H-MRS. Urinary titin-N fragment levels were increased with increasing age but not different between males and females. NAFLD subjects had higher titin-N fragment levels than non-NAFLD subjects. The levels were negatively correlated with skeletal muscle mass and knee extension strength and positively correlated with muscle echo intensity, EMCL, and liver fibrosis scores (NAFLD fibrosis score, FIB-4 index). Multivariate analysis revealed that factors affecting the levels were skeletal mass index, leg skeletal muscle mass, liver stiffness, and NAFLD fibrosis score. Urinary levels of titin-N fragment reflected skeletal muscle deterioration and functional decline, and was closely associated with hepatic pathological conditions in NAFLD subjects.
DOI 10.1038/s41598-019-56121-7
PMID 31862937