EJIMA KOICHIRO
   Department   School of Medicine(Tokyo Women's Medical University Hospital), School of Medicine
   Position   Associate Professor (Fixed Term)
Article types Original article
Language English
Peer review Peer reviewed
Title Time interval from left ventricular stimulation to QRS onset is a novel predictor of nonresponse to cardiac resynchronization therapy.
Journal Formal name:Heart rhythm
Abbreviation:Heart Rhythm
ISSN code:1547-5271/1556-3871
Domestic / ForeginForegin
Publisher Elsevier B.V.
Volume, Issue, Page 16(3),395-402頁
Author and coauthor YAGISHITA Daigo†, SHODA Morio*, YAGISHITA Yoshimi, EJIMA Koichiro, HAGIWARA Nobuhisa
Publication date 2019/03
Summary BACKGROUND:
Left ventricular (LV) lead placement at the late activation site (LAS) has been proposed as an optimal LV pacing site (ie, Q-LV interval). However, LAS may be relevant to local electrical conduction, measured as an interval from LV pacing stimulation to QRS onset (S-QRS interval).

OBJECTIVE:
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the prognostic value of S-QRS for reverse remodeling and the impact of S-QRS on pacing QRS configuration in patients undergoing cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT).

METHODS:
Sixty consecutive heart failure patients with a wide QRS complex underwent CRT. A site with Q-LV ≥95 ms was targeted for LV lead placement. A responder was defined as one with >15% reduction in LV end-systolic volume 6 months after CRT.

RESULTS:
LV lead placement with Q-LV ≥95 ms was achieved in 52 of 60 patients (86.7%). Thirty-two of 52 patients (61.5%) were responders. S-QRS was significantly shorter in responders than nonresponders (P <.01), whereas Q-LV was not significantly different. A cutoff value of 37 ms for S-QRS had sensitivity and specificity of 81% and 90%, respectively. Shorter S-QRS (<37 ms) showed significantly narrower LV pacing QRS width and biventricular pacing QRS width compared to longer S-QRS. After multivariate analysis, PQ interval (odds ratio 0.97; P = .01) and long S-QRS ≥ 37ms (odds ratio 0.014; P <.01) were independent predictors of response to CRT.

CONCLUSION:
In addition to a sufficient Q-LV, S-QRS can be a useful indicator of optimal LV lead position to achieve reverse remodeling. S-QRS contributes to the pacing QRS configuration associated with CRT response.
DOI 10.1016/j.hrthm.2018.08.035
PMID 30193853