EJIMA KOICHIRO
   Department   School of Medicine(Tokyo Women's Medical University Hospital), School of Medicine
   Position   Associate Professor (Fixed Term)
Article types Original article
Language English
Peer review Peer reviewed
Title Narrowing filtered QRS duration on signal-averaged electrocardiogram predicts outcomes in cardiac resynchronization therapy patients with nonischemic heart failure.
Journal Formal name:Annals of noninvasive electrocardiology : the official journal of the International Society for Holter and Noninvasive Electrocardiology, Inc
Abbreviation:Ann Noninvasive Electrocardiol
ISSN code:1082-720X/1542-474X
Domestic / ForeginForegin
Publisher Wiley Periodicals Inc.
Volume, Issue, Page 23(3),e12523頁
Author and coauthor SUZUKI Atsushi†, SHIGA Tsuyoshi*, YAGISHITA Daigo, YAGISHITA Yoshimi, ARAI Kotaro, IWANAMI Yuji, EJIMA Koichiro, ASHIHARA Kyomi, SHODA Morio, HAGIWARA Nobuhisa
Publication date 2018/05
Summary BACKGROUND:
To evaluate the impact of changes in the filtered QRS duration (fQRS) on signal-averaged electrocardiograms (SAECGs) from pre- to postimplantation on the clinical outcomes in nonischemic heart failure (HF) patients under cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT).

METHODS:
We studied 103 patients with nonischemic HF and sinus rhythm who underwent CRT implantation. SAECGs were obtained within 1 week before and 1 week after implantation and narrowing fQRS was defined as a decrease in fQRS from pre- to postimplantation. Echocardiography was performed before and 6 months after CRT implantation. The primary outcome was death from any cause. The secondary outcomes were hospitalization due to worsened HF and occurrence of ventricular tachyarrhythmias.

RESULTS:
Of the 103 CRT patients, 53 (51%) showed narrowing fQRS. Left ventricular end-diastolic volume and end-systolic volume were significantly reduced (both p < .001), and the left ventricular ejection fraction was significantly increased (p < .001) after CRT in patients with narrowing fQRS, but not in patients with nonnarrowing fQRS. During a median follow-up period of 33 months, patients with narrowing fQRS exhibited better survival than patients with nonnarrowing fQRS (p = .007). A lower incidence of hospitalization due to worsened HF (p < .001) and a lower occurrence of ventricular tachyarrhythmias (p = .071) were obtained in patients with narrowing fQRS. After adjusting for confounding variables, narrowing fQRS was associated with a low risk of mortality (HR 0.27, p = .006).

CONCLUSION:
Our results suggested that narrowing fQRS on SAECG after CRT implantation predicts LV reverse remodeling and long-term outcomes in nonischemic HF patients.
DOI 10.1111/anec.12523
PMID 29194868