Department School of Medicine(Tokyo Women's Medical University Hospital), School of Medicine Position Endowed Associate Professor
|Article types||Original article|
|Peer review||Peer reviewed|
|Title||Impact of atrial remodeling on the outcome of radiofrequency catheter ablation of paroxysmal atrial fibrillation.|
|Journal||Formal name：Circulation journal : official journal of the Japanese Circulation Society|
|Domestic / Foregin||Domestic|
|Publisher||Japanese Circulation Society|
|Volume, Issue, Page||78(4),pp.872-877|
|Author and coauthor||EJIMA Koichiro†*, KATO Ken, ARAI Kotaro, FUKUSHIMA Keiko, FUKUSHIMA Noritoshi, SUZUKI Tsuyoshi, YOSHIDA Kentaro, NUKI Toshiaki, UEMATSU Shoko, HOSHI Hiromi, MANAKA Tetsuyuki, ASHIHARA Kyomi, SHODA Morio, HAGIWARA Nobuhisa|
|Authorship||Lead author,Corresponding author|
Both the left atrial volume index (LAVI) and estimated total atrial conduction time measured using tissue Doppler imaging of the atria (PA-TDI duration) are echocardiographic parameters reflecting atrial remodeling. We investigated their prognostic value for atrial tachyarrhythmia (AF/AT) recurrence after radiofrequency catheter ablation (RFCA) of paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (PAF).
METHODS AND RESULTS:
We analyzed the data for 100 consecutive patients with drug-refractory PAF who underwent RFCA. The correlation between the LAVI and PA-TDI was extremely weak (r=0.26, P<0.01). We categorized the patients into 4 groups based on the median LAVI and PA-TDI duration: group 1 (LAVI <29ml/m(2)/PA-TDI duration <143ms), group 2 (LAVI ≥29ml/m(2)/PA-TDI duration <143ms), group 3 (LAVI <29ml/m(2)/PA-TDI duration ≥143ms), and group 4 (LAVI ≥29ml/m(2)/PA-TDI duration ≥143ms). With a mean follow-up of 20.2±8.9 months after a single RFCA procedure, 60 patients (60%) were in sinus rhythm without any antiarrhythmic drugs. Multivariate analysis using a Cox proportional hazards model demonstrated that the group was an independent predictor of AF/AT recurrence after RFCA (P=0.0017). The patients in groups 2, 3, and 4 had a 4.0-fold (P=0.048), 6.8-fold (P=0.0034) and 10.9-fold (P=0.0001) increase, respectively, in the probability of recurrent AF/AT as compared with group 1.
Preprocedural echocardiographic estimation of atrial remodeling was a useful predictor of AF/AT recurrence following a single RFCA of PAF.