HORI Sayaka
   Department   School of Medicine, School of Medicine
   Position   Assistant Professor
Article types Original article
Language English
Peer review Peer reviewed
Title The DEG/ENaC cation channel protein UNC-8 drives activity-dependent synapse removal in remodeling GABAergic neurons.
Journal Formal name:eLife
Abbreviation:Elife
ISSN code:(2050-084X)2050-084X(Linking)
Domestic / ForeginForegin
Volume, Issue, Page 5,e14599頁
Author and coauthor Miller-Fleming Tyne W, Petersen Sarah C, Manning Laura, Matthewman Cristina, Gornet Megan, Beers Allison, Hori Sayaka, Mitani Shohei, Bianchi Laura, Richmond Janet, Miller David M
Publication date 2016/08
Summary Genetic programming and neural activity drive synaptic remodeling in developing neural circuits, but the molecular components that link these pathways are poorly understood. Here we show that the C. elegans Degenerin/Epithelial Sodium Channel (DEG/ENaC) protein, UNC-8, is transcriptionally controlled to function as a trigger in an activity-dependent mechanism that removes synapses in remodeling GABAergic neurons. UNC-8 cation channel activity promotes disassembly of presynaptic domains in DD type GABA neurons, but not in VD class GABA neurons where unc-8 expression is blocked by the COUP/TF transcription factor, UNC-55. We propose that the depolarizing effect of UNC-8-dependent sodium import elevates intracellular calcium in a positive feedback loop involving the voltage-gated calcium channel UNC-2 and the calcium-activated phosphatase TAX-6/calcineurin to initiate a caspase-dependent mechanism that disassembles the presynaptic apparatus. Thus, UNC-8 serves as a link between genetic and activity-dependent pathways that function together to promote the elimination of GABA synapses in remodeling neurons.
DOI 10.7554/eLife.14599
PMID 27403890