Homma Jun
   Department   Research Institutes and Facilities, Research Institutes and Facilities
   Position   Assistant Professor
Article types Original article
Language English
Peer review Peer reviewed
Title Allogeneic adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cell sheet that produces neurological improvement with angiogenesis and neurogenesis in a rat stroke model.
Journal Formal name:Journal of neurosurgery
Abbreviation:J Neurosurg
ISSN code:(1933-0693)0022-3085(Linking)
Domestic / ForeginForegin
Volume, Issue, Page 132(2),333-679頁
Author and coauthor RYU Bikei†, SEKINE Hidekazu*, HOMMA Jun, KOBAYASHI Tomonori, KAWAMATA Takakazu, SHIMIZU Tatsuya
Publication date 2020/02
Summary OBJECTIVEStem cell therapy is a promising strategy for the treatment of severe cerebral ischemia. However, targeting sufficient grafted cells to the affected area remains challenging. Choosing an adequate transplantation method for the CNS appears crucial for this therapy to become a clinical reality. The authors used a scaffold-free cell sheet as a translational intervention. This method involves the use of cell sheet layers and allows the transplantation of a large number of cells, locally and noninvasively. The authors evaluated the effectiveness of allogeneic adipose tissue-derived mesenchymal stem cell sheets in a rat model of stroke.METHODSThe animals, subjected to middle cerebral artery occlusion, were randomly divided in two groups: one in which a cell sheet was transplanted and the other in which a vehicle was used (n = 10/group). Over a period of 14 days after transplantation, the animals' behavior was evaluated, after which brain tissue samples were removed and fixed, and the extent of angiogenesis and infarct areas was evaluated histologically.RESULTSCompared to the vehicle group, in the cell sheet group functional angiogenesis and neurogenesis were significantly increased, which resulted in behavioral improvement. Transplanted cells were identified within newly formed perivascular walls as pericytes, a proportion of which were functional. Newly formed blood vessels were found within the cell sheet that had anastomosed to the cerebral blood vessels in the host.CONCLUSIONSThe transplantation approach described here is expected to provide not only a paracrine effect but also a direct cell effect resulting in cell replacement that protects the damaged neurovascular unit. The behavioral improvement seen with this transplantation approach provides the basis for further research on cell sheet-based regenerative treatment as a translational treatment for patients with stroke.
DOI 10.3171/2018.11.JNS182331
PMID 30797215