Satoru Morita
   Department   School of Medicine(Tokyo Women's Medical University Hospital), School of Medicine
   Position   Assistant Professor
Article types Original article
Language English
Peer review Peer reviewed
Title Diagnosis by 64-Row Multidetector Computed Tomography for Longitudinal Superficial Extension of Distal Cholangiocarcinoma.
Journal Formal name:The Journal of surgical research
Abbreviation:J Surg Res
ISSN code:10958673/00224804
Volume, Issue, Page 235,pp.487-493
Author and coauthor Shiihara Masahiro, Higuchi Ryota, Morita Satoru, Furukawa Toru, Yazawa Takehisa, Uemura Shuichiro, Izumo Wataru, Yamamoto Masakazu
Publication date 2019/03
Summary BACKGROUND:This study aimed to demonstrate the diagnostic ability of 64-row multidetector computed tomography (64-row MDCT) for longitudinal superficial extension of distal cholangiocarcinoma (LSEDC).METHODS:Twenty-seven patients with distal cholangiocarcinoma (DC) underwent preoperative 64-row MDCT without drainage tubes. LSEDC was diagnosed using curved planar reconstruction images reconstructed from 64-row MDCT, which were compared with pathologic findings.RESULTS:LSEDC was observed in 13 patients (48%). Ten patients (37%) had enhancing nonthickened bile ducts extending continuously from the main tumor (type 1). These coincided with pathologic findings of high-grade dysplasia (HGD) in 90.0% of cases; that is, a positive predictive value (9/10). Fourteen patients (52%) had only wall thickening of the main tumor with or without enhancement (type 2). Four patients with HGD in this group were difficult to diagnose. Three patients (11%) had enhancing nonthickened bile ducts not in continuity with the main tumor (type 3). This finding revealed an inflammatory change instead of a carcinoma in the pathologic findings. The sensitivity and specificity of detecting HGD were 75% and 93% on the liver side, 33% and 100% on the duodenal side, respectively. Four patients (67%) with HGD on the liver side were overdiagnosed, and one patient (17%) was underdiagnosed. Most of the patients overdiagnosed on the liver side (3/4 or 75%) had drainage tubes inserted before the MDCT.CONCLUSIONS:For DC patients without drainage tubes, the 64-row MDCT technique may be useful for diagnosing HGD depicted as LSEDC on the liver side but not as useful on the duodenal side.
DOI 10.1016/j.jss.2018.10.045
PMID 30691833