タカダ タクマ   TAKADA Takuma
  髙田 卓磨
   所属   研究施設 研究施設
   職種   非常勤講師
論文種別 原著
言語種別 英語
査読の有無 査読あり
表題 Left Ventricular End-Systolic Diameter May Predict Persistent Heart Failure with Reduced Ejection Fraction.
掲載誌名 正式名:International heart journal
略  称:Int Heart J
ISSNコード:13493299/13492365
掲載区分国内
巻・号・頁 64(6),pp.1095-1104
著者・共著者 Takada Takuma†, Nakata Yuki, Matsuura Katsuhisa*, Minami Yuichiro, Kishihara Makoto, Watanabe Shonosuke, Shirotani Shota, Abe Takuro, Yoshida Ayano, Hasegawa Shun, Jujo Kentaro, Arai Kotaro, Suzuki Atsushi, Hagiwara Nobuhisa, Yamaguchi Junichi
担当区分 筆頭著者
発行年月 2023/11
概要 Patients with persistent heart failure (HF) with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) have a poorer prognosis than those with HF with improved ejection fraction (HFimpEF). However, data on the predictive value of echocardiographic parameters for persistent HFrEF are lacking. We retrospectively studied 443 patients who were diagnosed with HFrEF (EF ≤ 40%) during hospitalization and underwent echocardiography at the 1-year follow-up. We divided them into the 2 groups: HFimpEF (EF > 40%) and persistent HFrEF group at 1-year follow-up, and assessed the predictive value of echocardiographic parameters at discharge for persistent HFrEF. In total, 301/443 patients (68%) were diagnosed with persistent HFrEF and 142/443 (32%) with HFimpEF at the 1-year follow-up. Kaplan-Meier analysis revealed that the persistent HFrEF group had a poorer prognosis than the HFimpEF group (log-rank, P < 0.001). Receiver operating characteristic curve analysis revealed that left ventricular end-systolic diameter (LVESD) had the highest area under the curve (AUC) (0.70; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.64-0.75; cutoff value: 55 mm) among various echocardiographic parameters. LVESD was an independent predictor of persistent HFrEF at the 1-year follow-up (odds ratio: 1.07, 95%CI: 1.02-1.12) upon multivariable logistic regression analysis. The incidence of persistent HFrEF was higher in patients with an LVESD ≥ 55 mm than in those with an LVESD < 55 mm (81% versus 55%, Fisher's exact test, P < 0.001). In conclusion, an LVESD (≥ 55 mm) was associated with persistent HFrEF. Focusing on LVESD in daily practice may help clinicians with risk stratification for decision-making regarding management in patients with advanced HF refractory to guideline-directed medical therapy.
DOI 10.1536/ihj.23-293
PMID 37967983